Elasticsearch on debian8

Elasticsearchとは

分散型全文検索システム

データ構造

2015-05-06_233250

文字列処理(analyzer)

2015-05-06_233608

インストール

※indexが壊れる可能性があるため、java7u25未満またはjava7u55以上を利用する

root@hostname:/home/shimizu# aptitude install elasticsearch
以下の新規パッケージがインストールされます:
  ant{a} ant-optional{a} ca-certificates-java{a} dbus{a} dbus-x11{a} default-jre{a} default-jre-headless{a} elasticsearch file{a}
  fontconfig{a} fonts-dejavu-extra{a} gconf-service{a} gconf2{a} gconf2-common{a} gnome-mime-data{a} hicolor-icon-theme{a}
  java-common{a} libasound2{a} libasound2-data{a} libasyncns0{a} libatk-wrapper-java{a} libatk-wrapper-java-jni{a} libatk1.0-0{a}
  libatk1.0-data{a} libavahi-client3{a} libavahi-common-data{a} libavahi-common3{a} libavahi-glib1{a} libbonobo2-0{a}
  libbonobo2-common{a} libcairo2{a} libcanberra0{a} libcap-ng0{a} libcups2{a} libdatrie1{a} libdbus-1-3{a} libdbus-glib-1-2{a}
  libdom4j-java{a} libdrm-intel1{a} libdrm-nouveau2{a} libdrm-radeon1{a} libdrm2{a} libelf1{a} libflac8{a} libgconf-2-4{a}
  libgconf2-4 libgdk-pixbuf2.0-0{a} libgdk-pixbuf2.0-common{a} libgif4{a} libgl1-mesa-dri{a} libgl1-mesa-glx{a} libglapi-mesa{a}
  libglib2.0-0{a} libglib2.0-data{a} libgnome-2-0 libgnome2-0 libgnome2-bin libgnome2-common libgnomevfs2-0 libgnomevfs2-common
  libgnomevfs2-extra libgraphite2-3{a} libgtk2.0-0{a} libgtk2.0-bin{a} libgtk2.0-common{a} libharfbuzz0b{a} libhyperic-sigar-java{a}
  libice6{a} libisorelax-java{a} libjasper1{a} libjaxen-java{a} libjbig0{a} libjdom1-java{a} libjna-java{a} libjna-jni{a}
  libjpeg62-turbo{a} libjts-java{a} liblcms2-2{a} libllvm3.5{a} liblog4j1.2-java{a} libltdl7{a} liblucene4-java{a} libmagic1{a}
  libmsv-java{a} libnspr4{a} libnss3{a} libogg0{a} liborbit-2-0{a} libpango-1.0-0{a} libpangocairo-1.0-0{a} libpangoft2-1.0-0{a}
  libpciaccess0{a} libpcsclite1{a} libpixman-1-0{a} libpulse0{a} libpython-stdlib{a} libpython2.7-minimal{a} libpython2.7-stdlib{a}
  librelaxng-datatype-java{a} libsm6{a} libsndfile1{a} libspatial4j-java{a} libtdb1{a} libthai-data{a} libthai0{a} libtiff5{a}
  libtxc-dxtn-s2tc0{a} libvorbis0a{a} libvorbisenc2{a} libvorbisfile3{a} libx11-xcb1{a} libxcb-dri2-0{a} libxcb-dri3-0{a}
  libxcb-glx0{a} libxcb-present0{a} libxcb-render0{a} libxcb-shm0{a} libxcb-sync1{a} libxcomposite1{a} libxcursor1{a} libxdamage1{a}
  libxerces2-java{a} libxfixes3{a} libxi6{a} libxinerama1{a} libxml-commons-external-java{a} libxml-commons-resolver1.1-java{a}
  libxom-java{a} libxpp2-java{a} libxpp3-java{a} libxrandr2{a} libxrender1{a} libxshmfence1{a} libxtst6{a} libxxf86vm1{a}
  mime-support{a} openjdk-7-jre{a} openjdk-7-jre-headless{a} psmisc{a} python{a} python-minimal{a} python2.7{a} python2.7-minimal{a}
  shared-mime-info{a} tzdata-java{a} xdg-user-dirs{a}
更新: 0 個、新規インストール: 146 個、削除: 0 個、保留: 0 個。
126 M バイトのアーカイブを取得する必要があります。展開後に 285 M バイトのディスク領域が新たに消費されます。
先に進みますか? [Y/n/?] y
...

root@hostname:/home/shimizu# vi /etc/default/elasticsearch
===以下をコメントアウト
START_DAEMON=true
ES_USER=elasticsearch
ES_GROUP=elasticsearch
LOG_DIR=/var/log/elasticsearch
DATA_DIR=/var/lib/elasticsearch
===追加設定
ES_HEAP_SIZE=128m # 潤沢に割り当てるべし
===
root@hostname:/home/shimizu# /etc/init.d/elasticsearch start
[ ok ] Starting elasticsearch (via systemctl): elasticsearch.service.

### nameはノード名 ###
root@hostname:/home/shimizu# curl -X GET http://localhost:9200/
{
  "status" : 200,
  "name" : "Anti-Cap",
  "version" : {
    "number" : "1.0.3",
    "build_hash" : "NA",
    "build_timestamp" : "NA",
    "build_snapshot" : false,
    "lucene_version" : "4.6"
  },
  "tagline" : "You Know, for Search"
}
### クラスタのヘルスチェックAPI ###
### クラスタ名がデフォルトで"elasticsearch"なので変更するべし(他のノードが追加された時に意図せずクラスタの一部として認識されてしまう) ###
root@hostname:/home/shimizu# curl -X GET http://localhost:9200/_cluster/health
{"cluster_name":"elasticsearch","status":"green","timed_out":false,"number_of_nodes":1,"number_of_data_nodes":1,"active_primary_shards":0,"active_shards":0,"relocating_shards":0,"initializing_shards":0,"unassigned_shards":0}
### ノード情報取得API ###
root@hostname:/home/shimizu# curl -X GET http://localhost:9200/_cluster/nodes
No handler found for uri [/_cluster/nodes] and method [GET]

基本操作

### indexの登録 ###
root@hostname:/home/shimizu# curl -XPUT http://localhost:9200/prefecture
{"acknowledged":true}

### typeの登録 ###
root@hostname:/home/shimizu# curl -XPUT http://localhost:9200/prefecture/central/_mapping -d '{
> "central": {
> "properties": {
> "name": { "type": "string" },
> "central": { "type": "string" },
> "date": { "type":"date", "format":"yyyy/MM/dd"}
> }
> }
> }'
{"acknowledged":true}

### document登録 ###
root@hostname:/home/shimizu# curl -XPUT http://localhost:9200/prefecture/central/1 -d '
> {
> "name": "北海道",
> "central": "札幌",
> "date": "'`/bin/date +%Y/%m/%d`'"
> }'
{"_index":"prefecture","_type":"central","_id":"1","_version":1,"created":true}

root@hostname:/home/shimizu# curl -XPUT http://localhost:9200/prefecture/central/2 -d '
> {
> "name": "青森",
> "central": "青森",
> "date": "'`/bin/date +%Y/%m/%d`'"
> }'
{"_index":"prefecture","_type":"central","_id":"2","_version":1,"created":true}

### documentの取得 ###
root@hostname:/home/shimizu# curl -XGET http://localhost:9200/prefecture/central/1
{"_index":"prefecture","_type":"central","_id":"1","_version":1,"found":true, "_source" :
{
"name": "北海道",
"central": "札幌",
"date": "2015/06/19"
}}

root@hostname:/home/shimizu# curl -XGET http://localhost:9200/prefecture/central/1?fields=name
{"_index":"prefecture","_type":"central","_id":"1","_version":1,"found":true,"fields":{"name":["北海道"]}}

Elastic HQ

データのブラウズやインデックス管理が可能

root@hostname:/home/shimizu# cd /usr/share/elasticsearch/bin/
root@hostname:/usr/share/elasticsearch/bin# ./plugin -install royrusso/elasticsearch-HQ
-> Installing royrusso/elasticsearch-HQ...
Trying https://github.com/royrusso/elasticsearch-HQ/archive/master.zip...
Downloading ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................DONE
Installed royrusso/elasticsearch-HQ into /usr/share/elasticsearch/plugins/HQ
Identified as a _site plugin, moving to _site structure ...

プラグインインストールにあたりElasticsearchの再起動は不要
2015-05-06_235700

2015-05-06_235821

bigdesk

JXM的な負荷確認やクラスター管理可能

root@hostname:/usr/share/elasticsearch/bin# ./plugin -install lukas-vlcek/bigdesk
-> Installing lukas-vlcek/bigdesk...
Trying https://github.com/lukas-vlcek/bigdesk/archive/master.zip...
Downloading .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................DONE
Installed lukas-vlcek/bigdesk into /usr/share/elasticsearch/plugins/bigdesk
Identified as a _site plugin, moving to _site structure ...

プラグインインストールにあたりElasticsearchの再起動は不要

2015-05-07_012829

head

root@hostname:/usr/share/elasticsearch/bin# ./plugin -install mobz/elasticsearch-head
-> Installing mobz/elasticsearch-head...
Trying https://github.com/mobz/elasticsearch-head/archive/master.zip...
Downloading ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................DONE
Installed mobz/elasticsearch-head into /usr/share/elasticsearch/plugins/head
Identified as a _site plugin, moving to _site structure ...

プラグインインストールにあたりElasticsearchの再起動は不要

2015-05-10_234753

参考

Elasticsearchチュートリアル
http://code46.hatenablog.com/entry/2014/01/21/115620
Elastic HQ を使ってみた(1)
http://inokara.hateblo.jp/entry/2013/12/19/072015
elasticsearch version0.20.6の設定
http://tree-tips.appspot.com/elasticsearch/config/elasticsearch_yml/
ElasticSearchの運用とか (2)
http://t-cyrill.hatenablog.jp/entry/2014/04/19/161422

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